Lyme Disease and Pets, What Is the Deal?
Female deer tick
Lyme disease is a potentially serious infection caused by the bacteria Borelia burgedoferi and transmitted by the deer tick or black legged tick, Ixodes scapularis. In this article, I will attempt to explain the differences and similarities between this disease in people and in dogs, the best preventative measures, and testing and treatment of veterinary patients.
The Northeast United States has the highest incidence of Lyme disease. The Center for Disease Control has collected a great deal of information on the condition as it affects people. The veterinary community also has paid special attention to this infection in recent years, developing a much better understanding of the disease, tests to help us identify affected patients, and preventative measures including highly effective tick control and vaccinations against the bacteria.